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Alfian Rokhmansyah

Lahir di Pemalang pada hari Rabu tanggal 30 Agustus 1989. Alamat rumah di Jalan Jenderal Sudirman No. 18 RT 007 RW 007 Kelurahan Purwoharjo, Kecamatan Comal, Kabupaten Pemalang. Pendidikan dasar diselesaikan di SD Muhammadiyah 02 Comal dan SMP Negeri 1 Comal. Pendidikan menengah diselesaikan di SMA Negeri 1 Pemalang dengan program studi Ilmu Alam.

Saat ini sedang menempuh pendidikan sarjana di Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni, Universitas Negeri Semarang. Program studi yang ditempuh Sastra Indonesia S1 dengan konsentrasi bidang Ilmu Sastra. Beberapa minggu terakhir ini tengah disibukkan dengan aktivitas bimbingan skripsi bidang kajian resepsi sastra, di tengah kesibukannya menyelesaikan tugas-tugas kuliah. Semoga bisa dinyatakan lulus tahun ini dan menjalani wisuda awal tahun 2011.


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Selasa, 17 Maret 2009

SASTRA UMUM, SASTRA BANDINGAN, DAN SASTRA NASIONAL

In the study of literature, need to learn about the differences between the general literature, literary criticism, and national literature. Third term of this literature, the term "literary criticism" is the most complicated to explain and penggambarannya understanding. In fact, this type of study is less important for academic success.

Literary criticism is used by scientists in the media as critics of literature. There are three processes depiction of "literary criticism".

1. Initially, this literature is used to study the oral literature. As the stories of the people, legends, myth, and so forth. In this process, compared with the oral literature of literature written. Some argued that the literature contains only oral cultural values, customs without aesthetic elements. However, this opinion is mistaken. Because, many literary works of any posts that take up the theme of literary people's increasing social status. So, literary criticism is not only the oral literature in particular.

2. In this process, the literature includes studies compare the relationship between two or more literary. In this case, the problems that arise are about the problems comparison works of literature. For example, a comparison of English literature and works of French literature. Comparison of fame, influence, and so forth. However, this is also a problem that makes the new scientists bosan deal with facts, resources and influence.

3. In this process, the literature is comparison with the literature comprehensively. However, Paul van Tieghem try mengkontraskannya. According to him, the general literature to learn about movement and flow of literature that is beyond national boundaries. While the relationship of literature criticism learn two or more literary. However, this is not acceptable as such. For example, people can not compare the popularity of literary history that melegenda with the popularity of general literature in the world.

In addition to differences in comparison with literature literature general, another problem that arises is the difference between literature with universal national literature. National literature are considered as closed areas compared with the universal literature. However, in reality very universal literature related to the national literature. As the scope of European literature. Literature that discuss literary English, German, French or related to the history, themes, languages and so forth.

So, to be able to describe the relationship of literature and the role of national and universal literature, need to know the history of literature as a whole.

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