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Alfian Rokhmansyah

Lahir di Pemalang pada hari Rabu tanggal 30 Agustus 1989. Alamat rumah di Jalan Jenderal Sudirman No. 18 RT 007 RW 007 Kelurahan Purwoharjo, Kecamatan Comal, Kabupaten Pemalang. Pendidikan dasar diselesaikan di SD Muhammadiyah 02 Comal dan SMP Negeri 1 Comal. Pendidikan menengah diselesaikan di SMA Negeri 1 Pemalang dengan program studi Ilmu Alam.

Saat ini sedang menempuh pendidikan sarjana di Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni, Universitas Negeri Semarang. Program studi yang ditempuh Sastra Indonesia S1 dengan konsentrasi bidang Ilmu Sastra. Beberapa minggu terakhir ini tengah disibukkan dengan aktivitas bimbingan skripsi bidang kajian resepsi sastra, di tengah kesibukannya menyelesaikan tugas-tugas kuliah. Semoga bisa dinyatakan lulus tahun ini dan menjalani wisuda awal tahun 2011.


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Rabu, 04 Maret 2009

Stilistika

Language is an important media penyampai information used human. Things that make the language as a part of life in the form. The use of language is arbitrer, is free to use it in the most important people can capture the information that was delivered (the agreement). Based on the above explanation, it can be concluded that the language is a matter that has an important role in human survival.
Through language, the information delivered to another person. Therefore needed a penggayaan inside to create an aesthetic in the language itself. Ease of understanding will be achieved if in understanding the language used to convey information has been experiencing the diversity therein. According to Aminuddin (2004:72) states that the term understanding of how the style of an author of the idea with the media using the language of the beautiful and harmonious meaning and capable menuansakan atmosphere that touches the emotions and power inteletual readers. The statement is meant penggayaan language is an expression of an author in the use of language as the main building so that his work has a beauty and nuance of meaning yan laden harmony so well when read. Medium according to Stanton (2007:61), the style is the way the author of language in use, meaning the style of the author of language in the process used to build his work. Next stilistika according Sudjiman (1993:13) is the style, the way that a speaker or be used to reveal the author is using language as a means. The explanation may mean that stilistika is a way that is used seorng speakers or writers to the idea with the language of expression. Third pendapa about stilistika can conclude that stilistika is sutu how the author used to reveal the idea of language as a beautiful medium.
Indeed, there is a style of language in all language multiformity: multiformity oral and written multiformity, whim and caprice nonsastra literature, because the style of language is how to use language in certain contexts by certain people and for a specific purpose (Sobur, 2004:82). The purpose of the statement that every whim is certainly therein tedapat language style of the language elements. Based on the scope memliki the style of language that is diksi (word choice), sentence structure, mjas and citraan, Rima pattern, and dimension that is used or a writer who works there dalamsebuah literature (Sudjiman, 1993:13-14).
Based on the restriction of the problems that have been previously mentioned, the focus of this research is the choice of words or diksi and figure. But the explanation made hereinafter only the choice or words and figure diksi only. This dmaksudkan that this research has focused the review.

Diksi

Options words or diksi according Keraf (2006:22-23), not only used to indicate words which are used to the idea or ideas, but also covers issues fraseologi, language and style of expression. The meaning is the word choice or diksi not only a word used to express ideas author, but in all the more concerning the fraseologi, style of language used and the expression. Not many people realize that diksi or indeed very plihan word in determining the meaning of delivery (Sudjiman, 1993:22). The meaning of meaning and the choice between the words or diksi very closely. If plihan said that digunakn not exactly the meaning you want to be accepted will be difficult because of the wrong perception of reading and readers. Next Sudjiman menuturkan words, a series of words and word pairs chosen carefully can cause effects on the readers themselves in accordance with what the author desired.
The objective of the choice of words to make the language used to be beautiful, because language is a sign that manuia used to convey meaning. Word choice is of course not just search for the word pair and poetic, but the choice of words that include the search process, and the settlement of The particular words that may cause nlai aesthetics or beauty in the sense of meaning luasdan loaded at once and efisen and able merefleksi themes described .
eraf (2006:24), providing about three-knot regarding diksi or word choice. First, diksi or include the word choice of words which are used to menyampaikn an idea, how to form a grouping of words or the right to use the expression-expression and the right style is the most sigunakan in a good situation. Second, the choice of words or diksi is the ability to distinguish nuance-tepa nuance of meaning from gasan to dsampaikan, and the ability to find the form that ssuai (match) with the situation and the value of the sense of hearing communities. Third, the choice of words that fit right and only possible by control of a large amount of vocabulary or the vocabulary of the language. Knot Keraf stated mewaili was all about the details or specifics pilhan diksi said.

The criteria Diksi or Word Options

Basically the word is a sign to declare or disclose gagasa, concepts, meanings. The concept of form objects, movement, attitude, condition, taste, feeling, and more (Dewabrata, 155-156). That is the word media is the purpose of delivery. In diksi or word choice, word usage dirangkai to be a sentence does not have special rules, except if you make a grammatical sentence is the rule that a patent in making sentences. The goal of diksi is its clarity and expression that is used as a medium to convey information.
And the accuracy of the Declaration Diksi word or Options
alimat can be very short consisting of only a word, teapi can also consist of very long beratus-hundred words. Short sentences are usually easy to understand. The length of a sentence, then the more umpukan concept, difficult to understand the message utuhnya the didalanya (Dewabrata, 2004:157). The statement that the sentence can be described panjan that will be more difficult to understand its meaning from the sentence that short. If the word is used then the appropriate sentence will be generated short course and also the meaning or purpose that will be easily understood. Use words that are often not precise cause message distortion (Dewabrata, 2004:157).
Precise word choice according Keraf (2006:87), is a question word for genius ideas rise to the right on the imagination of readers or listeners, such as what is perceived by the author or speaker. The meaning is, in choosing words that will be used later is whether the words used may be menimbukan which according to the agasan who want to be. Keraf (2006:88-87), the things that must be considered in order to achieve the accuracy of the choice words that will be used, anara others:
1) carefully distinguish denotation and connotation, the word masudnya which you want to use to reach the level keemosionalan in accordance with the idea. If you want readers to guess the meaning-nebak the use of words that bermana connotations, and so vice versa.
2) to distinguish carefully the words that almost bersinonim, meaning choose the words with the exact meaning of which has almost the same, and of course in accordance with the idea in question.
3) sets of words that are similar to ejaannya. This means the author must be able to distinguish words in ejaannya ampir the same, so does not cause misunderstanding of meaning.
4) Avoiding the creation of words themselves, meaning do not use words as their own creation of words mengetahi not have the means, except in people who already have their own agreement on language.
5) Waspada on the use of foreign suffixes, meaning that there is no interference of the Indonesian language.
) The use of the word should be used in front of the idiomatic.
7) to distinguish carefully the words general and specific words, means that readers do not speculate in the double meaning. Special word mengambarkan anything more appropriate than general words.
8) take the words Indria shows that the perception that special.
9) Given the changes that occur in the meaning of words which are well known.
10) Given the option of the word.
Next Keraf (2006:103-104), the terms of kesesuian choice words such as:
1) Avoid as far as possible language or substandar elements in a formal situation.
2) to distinguish carefully between the words scientific and popule said, is for the readers what, the words used must match the language on the understanding it.
3) Do not use jargon because it can make rancu understanding, because the jargon is a language that is confidential.
4) Do not use slang words, including slang words because the words of creation itself.
5) Do not use the word conversation.
6) Avoid the expression-expression that is obsolete (idiom dead).
7) Keep the words or language that is artificial.
Language or style figure
Uatu language will be more beautiful and interesting if the language has experienced a process penggayaan therein. Penggayaan language is a language which has been mixed with the elements in it, especially stilistika figure or style of language. According Keraf (2006:113), figure or style of language is the way the mind through language that looks imaginative language. That is merpakan figure is one of the authors in bahsa exploit so that the language used as builders work to be interesting and tersebt visible kebahasaannya aesthetics. Medium according to Aminuddin (2004:76-77), style of language is a way the author of the idea through the media so that the language study to realize the beautiful and harmonious. That is the figure in the study will be used ayang its language. Second opinions can be concluded that the figure is one way that the author used to attach the language used to build his work.
Sumardjo and Saini KM (1986:92), is the personal style of the author himself. That is the style of the language used is the author of the original teak itself, the nature of how the author can be discovered when he was a language process. Keterkaian author of the style of language are very closely, because the personality the author will have great influence tehadap style of language that will be used later. There are two streams of popular style is based on theory (Keraf, 2006:112).
1) Flow Platonik, the style as an expression of quality, according to them is the expression that has a style, there also does not have that style.
2) Flow of Aristoteles, assume that the style is a quality that inhern, who is in each expression.
Thus, the flow of Plato says that there are works that have style and have the paper that does not have style. We recommend flow Aristoteles said that the paper has all the style, but there are works that have a style that have a low level, there is a style that has a strong and a weak style.
Types of Body Language
Keraf (2006:115) style language based on the sort of different perspective.
1. Style language based on word choice
erdasarkan word choice, style of language where words discuss the most appropriate and suitable for certain positions in sentences, and the right not to use words from the language layer in the community. Based on the choice of the word style of language is divided into:
1) Style official language, the style is in complete form, the style used in the official opportunities, the style used by those who expected mempergunakannya and well maintained.
2) Style is not the official language, is used in the coverage does not feel authorized, in the range of non-formal language.
3) Body language, style of language is used in the popular words and conversation.
2. Style language based on the tone
aya language based on tones based on the sugesti that emanated from a series of words that are in a discourse.
1) Style is a simple style that is usually appropriate to give instructions, commands, lessons, lectures and the like.
2) Style is noble and vigorous style, full of vitality and enersi and is usually used to drive things.
3) Style is the style of the medium is directed to the effort to raise happy and peaceful atmosphere.
3. style language based on the structure of the sentence
Structure of a sentence can be used to create platform-style language. Is the sentence structure here is the how the elements of a sentence that point in the expression.

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